There are lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. What is Exploratory Testing and when should it be performed?Manual Testing Interview Questions and Answers - Testing - Types of Testing -
This means that the tester uses her domain knowledge and testing experience to predict where and under what conditions the system might behave unexpectedly. As the tester starts exploring the system, new test design ideas are thought of on the fly and executed against the software under test. On an exploratory testing session, the tester executes a chain of actions against the system, each action depends on the result of the previous action, hence the outcome of the result of the actions could influence what the tester does next, therefore the test sessions are not identical.
This is in contrast to Scripted Testing where tests are designed beforehand using the requirements or design documents, usually before the system is ready and execute those exact same steps against the system in another time. Exploratory Testing is usually performed as the product is evolving agile or as a final check before the software is released.
It is a complimentary activity to automated regression testing. What Test Techniques are there and what is their purpose? Test Techniques are primarily used for two purposes: a To help identify defects, b To reduce the number of test cases. Pair-wise or All Pairs Testing is a very powerful test technique and is mainly used to reduce the number of test cases while increasing the coverage of feature combinations.
How do you test the login feature of a web application? This is a very common software testing interview question and the aim is to see how broad you can think about the feature.
Most interviewees start with the obvious answer of checking input fields with positive and negative values, invalid email, valid email but incorrect password, sql injection, etc. But most of these tests can be done and should be done by the developers as part of integration testing.
Here the focus is on testing at system level, tests which cannot be done without a full integrated system.
Possible answers to this testing interview question can be: 1. Sign in with valid login, Close browser and reopen and see whether you are still logged in or not.
Session management is important — how do we keep track of logged in users, is it via cookies or web sessions? Sign in, then logout and then go back to the login page to see if you are truly logged out. Login, then go back to the same page, do you see the login screen again? Sign in from one browser, then open another browser to see if you need to sign in again?
Login, change password, and then logout, then see if you can login again with the old password. This is also an important Software Testing interview question for web application testing roles. Note, this question is asking about the types of testing.
Although you would do functional testing, usability testing, accessibility testing, etc, these are all also applicable to desktop application testing. The question is asking specifically for web testing. Two types of testing which are very important for testing web applications are Performance Testing and Security Testing. The difference between a web application and desktop application, is that web applications are open to the world, with potentially many users accessing the application simultaneously at various times, so load testing and stress testing are important.
This question refers to verifying the results are what we expect to see. Suppose you search for a product on Amazon. On the search results page you will see a list of items related to your search. How can you verify that the results that you see are really the ones that you are supposed to see? The answer to this question is rather simple. At first instance, we need to know where the data is coming from. Are they coming from a database? Or some XML files from 3rd party websites?
Once we have this information, we can start comparing the results we see on the result page with the results from the source, e.Interviews Questions by Career. Interviews Questions by Company. Interviews Questions by Topic. About Us. Sign in. Get Started. Interview Coach Gain the confidence you need by asking our professionals any interview scenario, question, or answer you are unsure about.
Let Us Review Your Answers. Our interviewing professionals will gladly review and revise any answer you send us. Allowing you to craft perfect responses for your next job interview. Interview Questions by Topic. Customer Service. Most Common.
Salary Questions. Scenario Based. View All 20 More. Interview Questions by Career. Assistant Principal. Business Analyst.
Top 150 Software Testing Interview Questions & Answers
Physician Assistant. Youth Worker. View All More. Interview Questions by Company.We have compiled the most frequently asked Manual Testing Interview Questions and Answers that acquaint you with the type of questions that an interviewer might ask you during your interview for Software Testing.
What is Exploratory Testing? Exploratory testing is a hands-on approach in which testers are involved in minimum planning and maximum test execution. The planning involves the creation of a test charter, a short declaration of the scope of a short 1 to 2 hour time-boxed test effort, the objectives and possible approaches to be used. The test design and test execution activities are performed in parallel typically without formally documenting the test conditions, test cases or test scripts.
This does not mean that other, more formal testing techniques will not be used. For example, the tester may decide to use boundary value analysis but will think through and test the most important boundary values without necessarily writing them down.
Some notes will be written during the exploratory-testing session so that a report can be produced afterward. What is "use case testing"? In order to identify and execute the functional requirement of an application from start to finish "use case" is used and the techniques used to do this is known as "Use Case Testing.
What is traceability matrix? The relationship between test cases and requirements is shown with the help of a document. This document is known as a traceability matrix. What is Equivalence partitioning testing? Equivalence partitioning testing is a software testing technique which divides the application input test data into each partition at least once of equivalent data from which test cases can be derived. By this testing method, it reduces the time required for software testing.
Top 20 Manual Testing Interview Questions and Answers
What is white box testing and list the types of white box testing? White box testing technique involves selection of test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure Code coverage, branches coverage, paths coverage, condition coverage, etc.
It is also known as Code-Based testing or Structural testing. Different types of white box testing are Statement Coverage Decision Coverage 7. In white box testing, what do you verify? In white box testing following steps are verified. What is black box testing?
What are the different black box testing techniques? Black box testing is the software testing method which is used to test the software without knowing the internal structure of code or program. This testing is usually done to check the functionality of an application. The different black box testing techniques are Equivalence Partitioning Boundary value analysis Cause-effect graphing 9.
What is the difference between static and dynamic testing? Static testing: During Static testing method, the code is not executed, and it is performed using the software documentation. Dynamic testing: To perform this testing the code is required to be in an executable form. What are verification and validation? Verification is a process of evaluating software at the development phase. It helps you to decide whether the product of a given application satisfies the specified requirements.
Validation is the process of evaluating software at the after the development process and to check whether it meets the customer requirements. What are the different test levels?Quality assurance QA and manual testers may take on a variety of tasks, from reviewing and analyzing system specifications, to executing test cases and collaborating with QA engineers on test plans.
At the broadest level, QA and manual testers are tasked with identifying problems and running debugging programs to fix issues. The ultimate goal: ensuring that programs satisfy all specifications and requirements. That means manual testers must exhibit an impartial attitude toward testing and projects.
According to Burning Glass, which collects and analyzes millions of blog postings from across the country, the prospects for QA testers as a whole are good: Projected growth for the profession over the next 10 years is 9. Part of his responsibilities include interviewing higher-level candidates on the engineering team, including test engineers who code automatic tests and developers who are involved in QA processes.
As Tzur explained, there are three key factors to being a successful tester: collaboration, persistence and out-of-the-box thinking. It is extremely important to be able to show how you have analyzed a problem to create tests for unorthodox scenarios. During a manual tester interview, this helps demonstrate that your creative thinking processes have led to concrete results. Specifically, Tzur highlighted two questions that all manual tester candidates are likely to be asked:.
Alternatively, it might be a more siloed environment. That can help identify potential areas of vulnerability to test. Teamwork is definitely also crucial for being successful in this position. Click here to cancel reply. Name required. Email will not be published required. All rights reserved. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms and Conditions.But this is not true.
No doubt, as the companies are moving towards Automation so there is a high demand of Automation testers but in any project, all the things can not be automated, there is always a scope of manual testing and manual testers too are required to have deep knowledge about all the testing types, test scenarios, differences between them, etc.
There are many certifications of testing and as a beginner or a manual tester, it is recommended to clear ISTQB certification as it gives deep knowledge about the core concepts of testing. Now, if you are looking for a job that is related to Manual Testing then you need to prepare for the Manual Testing Interview Questions.
It is true that every interview is different as per the different job profiles. In this Manual Testing Interview Questions article, we shall present 10 most important and frequently asked Manual Testing interview questions.
These interview questions are divided into two parts are as follows:. Answer: Verification involves the static process of verifying the documents, code, and design in order to check whether the software conforms to the requirements mentioned in the documents SRS. It involves Walkthrough, Inspection and Code Review. Whereas Validation is a dynamic process which involves executing the code and check whether the software is working as expected or not.
It involves finding the bugs which are done by a testing team by the execution of code. Black box testing, white box testing, and grey-box testing are a part of testing in Software Validation. Answer: Test Driver and Test Stub are basically a piece of code that works as a substitute for the original undeveloped code in order to perform testing. Drivers are used in a bottom-up approach and are basically used as calling modules if the internal modules are implemented and need to be tested whereas Stubs are used in a top-down approach and used where the main module is prepared but the called modules are yet not done.
For example, in a web applicationthere are 3 modules, i. Login, Home, Users. Answer: Once the requirements are gathered in a project, test planning, test strategy, and test case creation or the whole testing process should get started.
Today almost all the projects follow Agile methodology, so the requirements are not fixed in the starting, but the user stories for the new features going to implement in a particular release are provided to the testers. So the test planning and test case creation or test script creation in case of Automation testing has started along with the development of the software.
Most of the companies follow Test Driven Development TDD approach to develop the software in which test cases are written prior to the code and the code is written in accordance to validate the test. Answer: Testing web and mobile applications are different. So different scenarios need to be tested while testing them:. Answer: Agile is an incremental and iterative approach for software development and is more feasible for flexible and large projects where requirements keep on changing with time.
For small projects where the requirements are not too large, Agile should not be preferred as it would cost more project budget as it involves various teams working simultaneously and can hamper overall time in software delivery. Answer: Software Testing Life Cycle STLC is a process that involves step by step procedure that is followed while testing any Software Application in order to ensure that the software works as expected. Below given are the various phases of STLC:.
Answer: Negative Testing, also known as false testing or error path testing includes testing of any software application under unexpected conditions.Topmost frequently asked scenario-based Manual Testing interview questions for the experienced professionals with details answers:. I recently had this unique experience of coaching a QA 10 years experience to attend a client Software Testing interview with a leading Entertainment company in Los Angeles.
The site to be tested was a simple customer-facing website sort of like an online TV channel that had both Web and Mobile components.
So they decided to collect the QA interview questions from the previous attendees and they gave me a questionnaire. They wanted me to give the answers to the next candidate and coach that person to be successful in the testing QA interview.
Surprised- because the questions were really basic and a 10 year experienced QA should have been able to answer them easily. After being done with the exercise, I thought it would be nice to share this experience with the STH readers.
For beginners, this will be good live exposure. For others, it will be a friendly reminder of how important fundamentals are no matter how experienced we are. In other words, we identify the test requirements. The outcome of this step is a list of Test Scenarios. This phase involves writing detailed steps about how to test a particular feature, what data to enter Test Data and what is the expected result.
Q 3 How to test a customer-facing software? But when it comes to a user-facing site, apart from concentrating on functionality, we also have to look into a few usability features, maybe performance and security aspects also to a certain extent.
The first level of testing is : Does the site satisfy its functional requirements. The next level of testing is : how easy is it to use the site, do the options make a logical sense and meet the expectations of the user or not.
For Exampleif the user has to be pass screens to submit the basic information they are going to be annoyed, so such issues have to be addressed. Such issues have to be caught. Performance Testing to the complete extent might not be in scope but simple situations like, how long does the search results take to be displayed and how much time does it take for the system to retrieve a customer info at the peak hour — these are some example of the kind of things we would want to keep an eye on.
Security — for sites where there is a secure login to access the site, the minimum functionality around it has to be tested. Something as basic as that should be focused on.
Q 4 How to overcome the challenge of not having input documentation for testing? Another factor that helps immensely, is to talk to the developers or the business analysts when available to get a confirmation on our understanding or clarifications in case of doubts.
When none of these situations works, we can just conceptualize the application based on our previous IT application experience and create the basic set of test scripts. When the testing phase comes up, we can set up a portion of test cycle time and do some test case management make the already created scripts perfect so we have the doc for the next phases. Q 5 How to get maximum productivity from an offshore team? Involving everyone in test script peer reviews, defect meetings, and KT sessions are going to ensure that everyone is aware of the application to the best extent possible.On what basis you will continue the testing of 5th module.
I given the answer but interviwer not satisfeid from my answer. You are the test manager starting on system testing. The development team says that due to a change in the requirements, they will be able to deliver the system for SQA 5 days past the deadline. You cannot change the resources work hours, days, or test tools. What steps will you take to be able to finish the testing in time?
How do you select test cases for Regression Testing The point is when there is change code how do you come know which part of code or modules it will affect.
Is it possible to create sales order for 40 items if the quotation is sent for 30 items? Company Name Starts with Questions Answers Views Company eMail. A Succesful testcase Means.? How did u perform regression testing what r the steps involved? How many scripts u use to run daily?
I given the answer but interviwer not satisfeid from my answer 5 Un-Answered Questions. How to display validation messages in one control?